The origin of the Exhortations lies in a fascination with words hidden inside of other words, like secret weapons or ghosts. Each debossed phrase found on these cut and reformed fragments of books represents an injunction to action of some kind. The first word must be contained within the second, which almost always results in something eccentric (slug lugubriously; harm charmingly; sob soberly). Like the contents of the books out of which the sculptures themselves are made, these phrases suggest disordered meanings and lost ideas—or, maybe, jokes to which we only know the punch line, having forgotten the rest.